Investment companies specialize in investment. They gather funds from investors which they invest on their behalf. The profits and losses made through the buying and selling of property, shares, and other assets are shared is the agreed ratios between the investment company and the individual investors. Unlike unit trusts which are open-ended, the investment companies are characterized by the fact that they are closed-ended. For the open-ended markets like unit trusts, we mean that the investors can pull their money out at any time and more investors can come in. The restriction here is that the open-ended find are usually invested in liquid assets. This is because liquid assets can be sold at a short notice, hence the shareholder or investor who is seeking to pull out their investment can be refunded. Investment companies are closed-ended which implies that you can just back out at any time you want to. The operation structure of an investment company is a simple one to understand. An investor will buy shares from an existing investor though the stock market and the investment company manager invests in different assets. The investment in different assets is basically aimed at reducing the risk of losses since in investment, it's not a sure game and losses are bound to occur.
Usually the investment companies invest in long term asset classes unlike in open-ended markets whereby they invest mostly in liquid assets. This is because the the investment companies offer fixed shares at a specific time hence there is no pulling in or out just at any time an investor decides to. This is very crucial because it means that the investment companies can make long term goals of investment and long term investment comes with huge profits. One of the benefits of investing with investment companies us that you are able to access more investment options than you could if you choose to do it by yourself. Another advantage is that all you do is make your investment and the rest of the work is carried on by the investment company hence you don't have much to worry about especially because the ones handling the investment decisions are experts. To an investment company, you as an investor are of importance hence the board of directors often meet to put measures that ensure that the company is as profitable as possible hence you also make profits since as the company progresses, you as a shareholder also are rewarded.
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